System Center Virtual Machine Manager 中的新增功能What's new in System Center Virtual Machine Manager

本文详细介绍 System Center 2019 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) 中支持的新功能。This article details the new features supported in System Center 2019 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM).

VMM 2019 中的新增功能New features in VMM 2019

请参阅以下各节,详细了解 VMM 2019 中的新功能。See the following sections for detailed information about the new features in VMM 2019.

计算Compute

S2D 群集的群集滚动升级Cluster Rolling upgrade for S2D clusters

System Center 2019 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) 支持将存储空间直通 (S2D) 主机群集从 Windows Server 2016 滚动升级到 Windows Server 2019。System Center 2019 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) supports rolling upgrade of a Storage Spaces Direct (S2D) host cluster from Windows Server 2016 to Windows Server 2019. 了解详细信息Learn More.

支持 ReFS 卷的重复数据删除Support for deduplication for ReFS volume

VMM 2019 支持 WS 2019 超融合群集和 SOFS 上的 ReFS 卷的重复数据删除。VMM 2019 supports deduplication for ReFS volume on WS 2019 hyper-converged cluster and SOFS. 了解详细信息Learn more.

存储Storage

存储 DOStorage DO

此功能有助于防止群集共享存储的扩展或者在其上添加新 VHD 导致群集共享存储(CSV 和文件共享)填满。This feature helps in preventing cluster shared storage (CSV and file shares) from becoming full due to expansion/new VHDs placed on the cluster shared storage. 现在可以设置一个阈值,以便在放置新磁盘或者将 VHD 迁移到群集中的其他共享存储期间,当群集共享存储中的可用存储空间低于该阈值时触发警告。You can now set a threshold value to trigger a warning when free storage space in the cluster shared storage falls below the threshold, during a new disk placement or auto migration of VHDs to other shared storage in the cluster. 了解详细信息Learn more.

支持存储运行状况监视Support for storage health monitoring

存储运行状况监视可帮助你监视 VMM 结构中存储池、LUN 和物理磁盘的运行状况与工作状态。Storage health monitoring helps you to monitor the health and operational status of storage pool, LUNs, and physical disks in the VMM fabric.

可以在 VMM 控制台的“结构”页中监视存储运行状况。 You can monitor the storage health in the Fabric page of VMM console. 了解详细信息Learn more.

网络Networking

通过 VMM 服务模板配置 SLB VIPConfiguration of SLB VIPs through VMM service templates

Windows 2016 中的 SDN 可以使用软件负载平衡 (SLB) 在服务提供商和租户管理的工作负载之间平均分配网络流量。SDN in Windows 2016 can use Software Load Balancing (SLB) to evenly distribute network traffic among workloads managed by service provider and tenants. VMM 2016 目前支持使用 Power Shell 部署 SLB 虚拟 IP (VIP)。VMM 2016 currently supports deployment of SLB Virtual IPs (VIPs) using power shell.

借助 VMM 2019,VMM 支持在使用服务模板部署多层应用程序时配置 SLB VIP。With VMM 2019, VMM supports configuration of SLB VIPs while deploying multi-tier application by using the service templates. 了解详细信息Learn more.

通过 VMM 配置网络加密的 VMConfiguration of encrypted VM networks through VMM

VMM 2019 支持加密 VM 网络。VMM 2019 supports encryption of VM networks. 使用新的加密网络功能,可以通过使用网络控制器 (NC) 在 VM 网络上轻松配置端到端加密。Using the new encrypted networks feature, end-to-end encryption can be easily configured on VM networks by using the network controller (NC). 这种加密技术可以阻止读取和操作同一网络和同一子网上两个 VM 之间的流量。This encryption prevents the traffic between two VMs on the same network and same subnet, from being read and manipulated.

加密控制在子网级别,可以为 VM 网络的每个子网启用/禁用加密。The control of encryption is at the subnet level and encryption can be enabled/disabled for each subnet of the VM network. 了解详细信息Learn more.

支持使用 VMM 控制台配置第 3 层转发网关Support for configuring layer 3 forwarding gateway using VMM console

L3 转发使数据中心中物理基础结构和 Hyper-V 网络虚拟化云中虚拟化基础结构之间能够连接。L3 forwarding enables connectivity between the physical infrastructure in the datacenter and the virtualized infrastructure in the Hyper-V network virtualization cloud. 早期版本的 VMM 支持通过 PowerShell 配置第 3 层网关。Earlier versions of VMM supported the Layer 3 gateway configuration through PowerShell.

在 VMM 2019 中,可以使用 VMM 控制台配置第 3 层转发网关。In VMM 2019, you can configure Layer 3 forwarding gateway using the VMM console. 了解详细信息Learn more.

支持部署在 VMM 云中的 VM 上的静态 MAC 地址Support for Static MAC address on VMs deployed on a VMM cloud

使用此功能可以设置云中部署的 VM 上的静态 MAC 地址。This feature allows you to set static MAC address on VMs deployed on a cloud. 对于已部署的 VM,还可以将 MAC 地址从静态更改为动态,或反之。You can also change the MAC address from static to dynamic and vice versa for the already deployed VMs. 了解详细信息Learn more.

Azure 集成Azure Integration

使用 Azure 自动化订阅通过 VMM 管理 VM 更新VM update management through VMM using Azure Automation Subscription

VMM 2019 正在引入通过集成 VMM 与 Azure 自动化订阅来修补和更新本地 VM(由 VMM 管理)的功能。VMM 2019 is introducing the possibility of patching and updating on-prem VMs (managed by VMM) by integrating VMM with Azure automation subscription. 了解详细信息Learn more.

新的 RBAC 角色 - 虚拟机管理员New RBAC Role - Virtual Machine Administrator

如果企业想要创建一个用户角色用于故障排除,该用户必须有权访问所有 VM,这样才能在 VM 上进行任何所需的更改来解决问题。In a scenario where enterprises want to create a user role for troubleshooting, it is necessary that the user has access to all the VMs so the user can make any required changes on the VMs to resolve the issue. 此外,该用户还需要有权访问结构,以识别问题的根本原因。There is also a need for the user to have access to the fabric to identify the root cause for the issue. 但是,出于安全原因,不应该为此用户授予对结构进行任何更改的特权(例如,添加存储、添加主机等)。However, for security reasons, this user should not be given the privileges to make any changes on the fabric (such as add storage, add hosts etc.

VMM 中的当前基于角色的访问控制 (RBAC) 没有为此人员定义角色,委托管理员和结构管理员的现有角色的权限过低,或者权限超过了执行故障排除所需的权限。The current role-based access control (RBAC) in VMM does not have a role defined for this persona and the existing roles of Delegated Admin and Fabric admin have too little or more than necessary permissions to perform just troubleshooting.

为了解决此问题,VMM 2019 支持称作“虚拟机管理员”的新角色。 To address this issue, VMM 2019 supports a new role called Virtual Machine Administrator. 充当此角色的用户对所有 VM 拥有“读取”和“写入”访问权限,但对结构拥有只读访问权限。The user of this role has Read and Write access to all VMs but read-only access to the fabric. 了解详细信息Learn more.

支持将组托管服务帐户用作 VMM 服务帐户Support for Group Managed Service Account as VMM service account

组托管服务帐户 (gMSA) 有助于改善安全态势,并通过自动密码管理、简化的服务主体名称 (SPN) 管理以及将管理权委托给其他管理员的功能,来提供便利。Group Managed Service Account (gMSA) helps improve the security posture and provides convenience through automatic password management, simplified service principle name (SPN) management, and the ability to delegate the management to other administrators.

VMM 2019 支持将 gMSA 用作管理服务器服务帐户VMM 2019 supports the use of gMSA for Management server service account. 了解详细信息Learn more.

备注

以下功能/功能更新已在 VMM 1807 中引入,并包含在 VMM 2019 中。The following features/feature updates were introduced in VMM 1807, included in VMM 2019.

存储Storage

支持选择 CSV 文件以放置新 VHDSupports selection of CSV for placing a new VHD

VMM 允许选择群集共享卷 (CSV) 来放置新的虚拟硬盘 (VHD)。VMM allows you to select a cluster shared volumes (CSV) for placing a new virtual hard disc (VHD).

在早期版本的 VMM 中,虚拟机 (VM) 上的新 VHD 在默认情况下被放置在放置以前与 VM 关联的 VHD 所在的同一 CSV 中,无法选择其他 CSV/文件夹。In earlier versions of VMM, a new VHD on a virtual machine (VM), by default, is placed on the same CSV where the earlier VHDs associated with the VM are placed, there was no option to choose a different CSV/ folder. 如果出现与 CSV 相关的任何问题(例如存储空间已满或过量配置),用户必须在部署 VHD 后迁移 VHD。In case of any issues related to the CSV, such as storage full or over commitment, users had to migrate the VHD, only after deploying the VHD.

在 VMM 1807 中,现在可以选择任何位置来放置新光盘。可以基于 CSV 的存储可用性来轻松管理此光盘。With VMM 1807, you can now choose any location to place the new disc. You can manage this disc easily, based on the storage availability of CSVs. 了解详细信息Learn more.

网络Networking

显示网络设备的 LLDP 信息Display of LLDP information for networking devices

VMM 支持链路层发现协议 (LLDP)。VMM supports Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP). 现在可以从 VMM 查看主机的网络设备属性和功能信息。You can now view network device properties and capabilities information of the hosts from VMM. 主机操作系统必须是 Windows 2016 或更高版本。Host operating system must be Windows 2016 or higher.

已在主机上启用 DataCenterBridging 和 DataCenterBridging-LLDP-Tools 功能,以提取 LLDP 属性。DataCenterBridging and DataCenterBridging-LLDP-Tools features have been enabled on hosts to fetch the LLDP properties. 了解详细信息Learn more.

将 SET 交换机转换为逻辑交换机Convert SET switch to logical switch

VMM 允许使用 VMM 控制台将交换机嵌入式组合 (SET) 交换机转换为逻辑交换机。VMM allows you to convert a switch embedded teaming (SET) switch to logical switch by using the VMM console. 在早期版本中,仅 PowerShell 脚本支持此功能。In earlier versions, this feature was supported only through PowerShell script. 了解详细信息Learn more.

VMware 主机管理VMware host management

VMM 支持 VMM 结构中的 VMware ESXi v6.5 服务器。VMM supports VMware ESXi v6.5 servers in VMM fabric. 这一支持为管理员管理使用中的多个虚拟机监控程序提供了额外的灵活性。This support facilitates the administrators with additional flexibility in managing multiple hypervisors in use. 详细了解支持的 vmware 服务器版本的其他详细信息。Learn more about the additional details of supported vmware server versions.

支持 S2D 群集更新Support for S2D cluster update

VMM 支持更新 S2D 主机或群集。VMM supports update of an S2D host or a cluster. 可以针对在 Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) 中配置的基线来更新单个 S2D 主机或群集。You can update individual S2D hosts or clusters against the baselines configured in windows server update services (WSUS). 了解详细信息Learn more.

其他Others

支持 SQL 2017Support for SQL 2017

VMM 支持 SQL 2017。VMM supports SQL 2017. 可以将 SQL 2016 升级到 2017。You can upgrade SQL 2016 to 2017.

备注

以下功能/功能更新已在 VMM 1801 中引入,并包含在 VMM 2019 中。The following features/feature updates were introduced in VMM 1801, included in VMM 2019.

计算Compute

嵌套虚拟化Nested virtualization

VMM 支持嵌套虚拟化功能,允许在 Hyper-V 虚拟机中运行 Hyper-V。VMM supports Nested Virtualization feature that allows you to run Hyper-V inside a Hyper-V virtual machine. 换言之,借助嵌套虚拟化,Hyper-V 主机本身可以虚拟化。In other words, with nested virtualization, a Hyper-V host itself can be virtualized. 可通过使用 PowerShell 和 Hyper-V 主机配置带外访问嵌套虚拟化。Nested virtualization can be enabled out-of-band by using PowerShell and Hyper-V host configuration.

可以利用该功能减少开发、测试、演示和培训方案的基础结构费用。You can leverage this functionality to reduce your infrastructure expense for development, test, demo, and training scenarios. 借助此功能,还可以使用带有 Microsoft 虚拟机监控程序的第三方虚拟化管理产品。This feature also allows you to use third-party virtualization management products with Microsoft hypervisor.

可以使用 VMM 启用或禁用嵌套虚拟化功能。You can enable or disable the nested virtualization feature using VMM. 可以在 VMM 中将 VM 配置为主机,并在此 VM 上从 VMM 中执行主机操作。You can configure the VM as a Host in VMM and perform host operations from VMM on this VM. 例如,VMM 动态优化会考虑要放置的嵌套 VM 主机。For example, VMM dynamic optimization considers a nested VM host for placement. 了解详细信息Learn more.

将 VMware VM(基于 EFI 固件的 VM)迁移到 Hyper-V VMMigration of VMware VM (EFI firmware-based VM) to Hyper-V VM

目前从 VMware VM 到 Hyper-V 的 VMM 迁移仅支持迁移基于 BIOS 的 VM。The current VMM migration for VMware VMs to Hyper-V only supports migration of BIOS-based VMs.

VMM 允许将基于 EFI 的 VMware VM 迁移到 Hyper-V 第 2 代 VM。VMM enables migration of EFI based VMware VMs to Hyper-V generation 2 VMs. 迁移到 Microsoft Hyper-V 平台的 VMware VM 可以利用 Hyper-V 第 2 代的功能。VMware VMs that you migrate to Microsoft Hyper-V platform can take advantage of the Hyper-V generation 2 features.

作为该发行版的一部分,“转换虚拟机” 向导基于固件类型(BIOS 或 EFI)启用 VM 迁移,选择 Hyper-V VM 代别并相应地设置默认值:了解详细信息As part of this release, the Convert Virtual machine wizard enables the VM migration based on the firmware type (BIOS or EFI), selects and defaults the Hyper-V VM generation appropriately: Learn more.

  1. 基于 BIOS 的 VM 迁移到 Hyper-V VM 第 1 代。BIOS-based VMs are migrated to Hyper-V VM generation 1.
  2. 基于 EFI 的 VM 迁移到 Hyper-V VM 第 2 代。EFI-based VMs are migrated to Hyper-V VM generation 2.

我们还对 VMWare VM 转换过程进行了改进,使转换速度提高了 50%。We have also made improvements in the VMWare VM conversion process that makes the conversion up to 50% faster.

主机刷新程序的性能改进Performance improvement in host refresher

VMM 主机刷新程序进行了一些更新以改进性能。VMM host refresher has undergone certain updates for performance improvement.

通过这些更新,在组织通过检查点管理大量主机和虚拟机的情况下,你将能看到作业性能有显著提升。With these updates, in scenarios where the organization is managing large number of hosts and VMs with checkpoints – you would be able to observe significant and noticeable improvements in the performance of the job.

在我们的实验室中,使用 VMM 实例管理 20 个主机(每个主机管理 45-100 个虚拟机),我们测到高达 10 倍的性能提升。In our lab with VMM instances managing 20 hosts - each host managing 45-100 VMs, we have measured up to 10X performance improvement.

VMM 中的增强型控制台会话Enhanced console session in VMM

VMM 中的控制台连接提供了一种远程桌面连接到 VM 的替换方法。Console connect in VMM provides an alternative way to remote desktop to connect to the VM. 当虚拟机没有任何网络连接或想要更改可能破坏网络连接的网络配置时,这种方法非常有用。This is most useful when the VM does not have any network connectivity or want to change network configuration that could break the network connectivity. 目前,VMM 中当前的控制台连接只支持基本会话,其中只能通过“键入剪贴板文本”菜单选项粘贴剪贴板文本。Currently, the current console connect in VMM supports only basic session where clipboard text can only be pasted through Type Clipboard Text menu option.

VMM 支持增强的控制台会话,使 ANSI 文本和文件上的“剪切(Ctrl + X)”、“复制(Ctrl + C)”和“粘贴(Ctrl + V)”操作都可在剪贴板上进行,因此文本和文件的复制/粘贴命令可以来自或指向 VM 。VMM supports enhanced console session that enables Cut (Ctrl + X), Copy (Ctrl + C) and Paste (Ctrl + V) operations on the ANSI text and files available on the clipboard, thereby copy/paste commands for text and files are possible from and to the VM. 了解详细信息Learn more.

存储Storage

VMM 存储 QoS 中的改进Improvement in VMM storage QoS

存储服务质量 (SQoS) 提供了一种方式,使用 Hyper-V 和横向扩展文件服务器 (SOFS) 角色集中监视和管理虚拟机的存储性能。Storage Quality of Service (SQoS) provides a way to centrally monitor and manage storage performance for virtual machines using Hyper-V and the Scale-Out File Server (SOFS) roles. 该功能可使用同一群集自动提高多个 VM 之间的存储资源公平性,并实现基于策略的性能目标。The feature automatically improves storage resource fairness between multiple VMs using the same cluster and allows policy-based performance goals.

VMM 支持 SQoS 中的以下改进:VMM supports the following improvements in SQoS:

  • S2D 之外的 SQoS 支持扩展 - 现在可以将存储 QoS 策略分配给存储区域网络 (SAN)。Extension of SQoS support beyond S2D - You can now assign storage QoS policies to storage area networks (SAN). 了解详细信息Learn more.
  • VMM 私有云支持 - 存储 QoS 策略现在可以被 VMM 云租户使用。Support for VMM private cloud - storage QoS policies can now be consumed by the VMM cloud tenants. 了解详细信息Learn more.
  • 存储 QoS 策略作为模板的可用性 - 可以通过虚拟机模板来设置存储 QoS 策略。Availability of storage QoS policies as templates - You can set storage QoS policies through VM templates. 了解详细信息Learn more.

网络Networking

通过 VMM 在 SDN 中配置来宾群集Configuration of guest clusters in SDN through VMM

随着软件定义网络 (SDN) 的出现,Windows Server 2016 和 System Center 2016 中来宾群集的配置已经发生了一些变化。With the advent of the software defined network (SDN), in Windows Server 2016 and System Center 2016, the configuration of guest clusters has undergone some change.

通过引入 SDN,连接到使用 SDN 的虚拟网络的 VM 只被允许使用网络控制器分配的 IP 地址进行通信。With the introduction of the SDN, VMs which are connected to the virtual network using SDN are only permitted to use the IP address that the network controller assigns for communication. SDN 设计受 Azure 网络设计的启发,通过软件负载平衡器 (SLB)(如 Azure 网络)支持浮动 IP 功能。The SDN design is inspired by Azure networking design, supports the floating IP functionality through the Software Load Balancer (SLB), like Azure networking.

VMM 还通过 SDN 方案中的软件负载均衡器 (SLB) 支持浮动 IP 功能。VMM also supports the floating IP functionality through the Software Load Balancer (SLB) in the SDN scenarios. VMM 1801 通过内部负载均衡器 (ILB) VIP 支持来宾群集。VMM 1801 supports guest clustering through an Internal Load Balancer (ILB) VIP. ILB 使用在来宾群集 VM 上创建的探测端口来识别活动节点。The ILB uses probe ports, which are created on the guest cluster VMs to identify the active node. 在任何给定的时间,只有主动节点的探测端口响应 ILB,并且指向 VIP 的所有流量路由到主动节点。At any given time, the probe port of only the active node responds to the ILB, and all the traffic directed to the VIP is routed to the active node. . 了解详细信息Learn more.

通过 VMM 服务模板配置 SLB VIPConfiguration of SLB VIPs through VMM service templates

Windows 2016 中的 SDN 可以使用软件负载平衡 (SLB) 在服务提供商和租户管理的工作负载之间平均分配网络流量。SDN in Windows 2016 can use Software Load Balancing (SLB) to evenly distribute network traffic among workloads managed by service provider and tenants. VMM 2016 目前支持使用 Power Shell 部署 SLB 虚拟 IP (VIP)。VMM 2016 currently supports deployment of SLB Virtual IPs (VIPs) using power shell.

VMM 支持在使用服务模板部署多层应用程序时配置 SLB VIP。VMM supports configuration of SLB VIPs while deploying multi-tier application by using the service templates. 了解详细信息Learn more.

通过 VMM 配置网络加密的 VMConfiguration of encrypted VM networks through VMM

VMM 支持加密 VM 网络。VMM supports encryption of VM networks. 使用新的加密网络功能,可以通过使用网络控制器 (NC) 在 VM 网络上轻松配置端到端加密。Using the new encrypted networks feature, end-to-end encryption can be easily configured on VM networks by using the Network Controller (NC). 这种加密技术可以阻止读取和操作同一网络和同一子网上两个 VM 之间的流量。This encryption prevents traffic between two VMs on the same network and same subnet, from being read and manipulated.

加密控制在子网级别,可以为 VM 网络的每个子网启用/禁用加密。The control of encryption is at the subnet level and encryption can be enabled/disabled for each subnet of the VM network. 了解详细信息Learn more.

安全Security

支持受防护的 Linux VMSupport to Linux shielded VM

Windows Server 2016 为基于 Windows 操作系统的 VM 引入了受防护的 VM 概念。Windows Server 2016 introduced the concept of a shielded VM for Windows OS-based VMs. 当虚拟机的数据处于静态或有不可信的软件在 Hyper-V 主机上运行时,受防护的 VM 可以提供防护以阻止恶意管理员操作。Shielded VMs provide protection against malicious administrator actions both when VM’s data is at rest or an untrusted software is running on Hyper-V hosts.

通过 Windows Server 1709,Hyper-V 引入了预配 Linux 受防护的 VM 支持,此功能同样已扩展到 VMM。With Windows Server 1709, Hyper-V introduces support for provisioning Linux shielded VMs and the same has been extended to VMM. 了解详细信息Learn more.

配置回退 HGSConfiguration of fallback HGS

作为提供证明和密钥保护服务以便在 Hyper-V 主机上运行受防护的 VM 的核心,主机保护者服务 (HGS) 即使在发生灾难的情况下也应运行。Being at the heart of providing attestation and key protection services to run shielded VMs on Hyper-V hosts, the host guardian service (HGS) should operate even in situations of disaster. Windows Server 1709 增加了对回退 HGS 的支持。Windows Server 1709 added support for fallback HGS.

使用 VMM,可以通过 HGS URLS(证明和密钥保护 URI)的主次对来配置受保护的主机。Using VMM, a guarded host can be configured with a primary and a secondary pair of HGS URLS (an attestation and key protection URI). 此功能支持受保护的构造部署跨越两个数据中心以实现灾难恢复以及 HGS 作为受防护的 VM 运行等类似方案。This capability enables scenarios such as guarded fabric deployments spanning two data centers for disaster recovery purposes, HGS running as shielded VMs etc.

主 HGS URL 将始终优先于次 HGS URL。The primary HGS URLs will always be used in favor of the secondary. 如果主 HGS 在适当的超时和重试次数后没有响应,则会对次 HGS 重新尝试该操作。If the primary HGS fails to respond after the appropriate timeout and retry count, the operation will be reattempted against the secondary. 随后的操作将始终优先选择主 HGS;次 HGS 仅在主 HGS 失败时使用。Subsequent operations will always favor the primary; the secondary will only be used when the primary fails. 了解详细信息Learn more.

Azure 集成Azure Integration

管理基于 Azure 资源管理器和特定于区域的 Azure 订阅Management of Azure Resource Manager-based and region-specific Azure subscriptions

目前,VMM Azure 插件仅支持经典虚拟机 (VM) 和全球 Azure 区域。Currently, the VMM Azure plugin supports only classic virtual machines (VMs) and global Azure regions.

VMM 1801 支持管理基于 Azure 资源管理器的 VM、基于 Azure Active Directory (AD) 的身份验证,它们是使用新的 Azure 门户和特定于区域的 Azure 订阅(即德国、中国、美国政府 Azure 区域)创建的。VMM 1801 supports management of Azure Resource Manager based VMs, Azure Active Directory (AD) based authentication that is created by using the new Azure portal and region-specific Azure subscriptions (namely, Germany, China, US Government Azure regions). 了解详细信息Learn more.

VMM 2019 UR1 中的新增功能New features in VMM 2019 UR1

请参阅以下各节,了解 VMM 2019 UR1 中支持的新功能/功能更新。See the following sections for information about the new features/feature updates supported in VMM 2019 UR1.

对于已在 VMM 2019 UR1 中修复的问题,请参阅知识库文章For issues fixed in VMM 2019 UR1, see the KB article.

计算Compute

支持管理复制的库共享Support for management of replicated library shares

大型企业通常会部署多站点数据中心,可满足全球各地的办公室的需求。Large enterprises, usually have multi-site datacenter deployments to cater to various offices across globe. 与从远程位置访问库共享相比,这些企业通常具有一个本地可用库服务器用于访问 VM 部署的文件。These enterprises typically have a locally available library server to access files for VM deployment than accessing the library shares from a remote location. 这是为了避免任何可能遇到的网络相关问题。This is to avoid any network related issues one might experience. 但是,库文件需要在所有数据中心之间保持一致,以确保进行统一的 VM 部署。However, library files need to be consistent across all the datacenters to ensure uniform VM deployments. 为了保持库内容的一致性,组织使用复制技术。To maintain uniformity of library contents, organizations use replication technologies.

VMM 现在支持管理复制的库服务器。VMM now supports the management of library servers, which are replicated. 可以使用任何复制技术(例如 DFSR)并通过 VMM 管理复制的共享。You can use any replication technologies such as DFSR and manage the replicated shares through VMM. 了解详细信息Learn more.

存储Storage

在 S2D 群集上配置 DCB 设置Configuration of DCB settings on S2D clusters

远程直接内存访问 (RDMA) 与数据中心桥接 (DCB) 结合使用,可在以太网网络中实现与光纤信道网络类似的性能和无损级别。Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) in conjunction with Data Center Bridging (DCB) helps to achieve similar level of performance and losslessness in an Ethernet network as in fiber channel networks.

VMM 2019 UR1 支持在 S2D 群集上配置数据中心桥接 (DCB)。VMM 2019 UR1 supports configuration of data center bridging (DCB) on S2D clusters.

备注

必须在所有主机和构造网络(交换机)上一致地配置 DCB 设置。You must configure the DCB settings consistently across all the hosts and the fabric network (switches). 任何一个主机/构造设备中的 DCB 设置配置错误都会损害 S2D 性能。A mis-configured DCB setting in any one of the host/fabric device is detrimental to the S2D performance. 了解详细信息Learn more.

Network (网络)Network

逻辑网络中用户体验的改善User experience improvements in logical networks

在 VMM 2019 UR1 中,用户创建逻辑网络的体验得以增强。In VMM 2019 UR1, user's experience while creating logical networks has been enhanced. 现在,根据用例将逻辑网络分组在产品说明中。Logical networks are now grouped in product description, based on use-cases. 另外,还提供了每个逻辑网络类型和依赖项关系图的说明。Also, provided illustration for each logical network type and a dependency graph. 了解详细信息Learn more.

用于启用嵌套虚拟化的其他选项Additional options to enable nested virtualization

现在,可以在创建新 VM 时启用嵌套虚拟化,并通过 VM 模板和服务模板部署 VM。You can now enable nested virtualization while creating a new VM, deploying VMs through VM templates and service templates. 在早期版本中,仅在已部署的 VM 上支持嵌套虚拟化。In earlier releases, nested virtualization is supported only on deployed VMs. 详细了解如何启用嵌套虚拟化Learn more about enabling nested virtualization.

本文详细介绍 System Center 1807 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) 中支持的新功能。This article details the new features supported in System Center 1807 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM).

System Center 1807 - Virtual Machine Manager 中的新增功能What's new in System Center 1807 - Virtual Machine Manager

请参阅以下各节,了解 VMM 1807 中支持的新功能。See the following sections for information about the new features supported in VMM 1807.

备注

若要查看修复的 bug 和 VMM 1807 的安装说明,请参阅知识库文章 4135364To view the bugs fixed and the installation instructions for VMM 1807, see KB article 4135364.

存储Storage

支持选择 CSV 文件以放置新 VHDSupports selection of CSV for placing a new VHD

VMM 1807 允许你选择群集共享的卷 (CSV),以放置新虚拟硬盘 (VHD)。VMM 1807 allows you to select a cluster shared volumes (CSV) for placing a new virtual hard disc (VHD).

在早期版本的 VMM 中,虚拟机 (VM) 上的新 VHD 在默认情况下被放置在放置以前与 VM 关联的 VHD 所在的同一 CSV 中,无法选择其他 CSV/文件夹。In earlier versions of VMM, a new VHD on a virtual machine (VM), by default, is placed on the same CSV where the earlier VHDs associated with the VM are placed, there was no option to choose a different CSV/ folder. 如果出现与 CSV 相关的任何问题(例如存储空间已满或过量配置),用户必须在部署 VHD 后迁移 VHD。In case of any issues related to the CSV, such as storage full or over commitment, users had to migrate the VHD, only after deploying the VHD.

在 VMM 1807 中,现在可以选择任何位置来放置新光盘。可以基于 CSV 的存储可用性来轻松管理此光盘。With VMM 1807, you can now choose any location to place the new disc. You can manage this disc easily, based on the storage availability of CSVs. 了解详细信息Learn more.

网络Networking

显示网络设备的 LLDP 信息Display of LLDP information for networking devices

VMM 1807 支持链路层发现协议 (LLDP)。VMM 1807 supports Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP). 现在可以从 VMM 查看主机的网络设备属性和功能信息。You can now view network device properties and capabilities information of the hosts from VMM. 主机操作系统必须是 Windows 2016 或更高版本。Host operating system must be Windows 2016 or higher.

已在主机上启用 DataCenterBridging 和 DataCenterBridging-LLDP-Tools 功能,以提取 LLDP 属性。DataCenterBridging and DataCenterBridging-LLDP-Tools features have been enabled on hosts to fetch the LLDP properties. 了解详细信息Learn more.

将 SET 交换机转换为逻辑交换机Convert SET switch to logical switch

VMM 1807 允许你使用 VMM 控制台将交换机嵌入式组合 (SET) 交换机转换为逻辑交换机。VMM 1807 allows you to convert a switch embedded teaming (SET) switch to logical switch by using the VMM console. 在早期版本中,仅 PowerShell 脚本支持此功能。In earlier versions, this feature was supported only through PowerShell script. 了解详细信息Learn more.

VMware 主机管理VMware host management

VMM 1807 支持 VMM 结构中的 VMware ESXi v6.5 服务器。VMM 1807 supports VMware ESXi v6.5 servers in VMM fabric. 这一支持为管理员管理使用中的多个虚拟机监控程序提供了额外的灵活性。This support facilitates the administrators with additional flexibility in managing multiple hypervisors in use. 详细了解支持的 vmware 服务器版本的其他详细信息。Learn more about the additional details of supported vmware server versions.

支持 S2D 群集更新Support for S2D cluster update

VMM 1807 支持更新 S2D 主机或群集。VMM 1807 supports update of an S2D host or a cluster. 可以针对在 Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) 中配置的基线来更新单个 S2D 主机或群集。You can update individual S2D hosts or clusters against the baselines configured in windows server update services (WSUS). 了解详细信息Learn more.

其他Others

支持 SQL 2017Support for SQL 2017

VMM 1807 支持 SQL 2017。VMM 1807 supports SQL 2017. 可以将 SQL 2016 升级到 2017。You can upgrade SQL 2016 to 2017.

本文详细介绍 System Center 1801 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) 中支持的新功能。This article details the new features supported in System Center 1801 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM).

本文详细介绍 System Center 2016 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) 中支持的新功能。This article details the new features supported in System Center 2016 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM).

System Center 1801 - Virtual Machine Manager 中的新增功能What's new in System Center 1801 - Virtual Machine Manager

请参阅以下各节,详细了解 VMM 1801 中支持的新功能。See the following sections for detailed information about the new features supported in VMM 1801.

计算Compute

嵌套虚拟化Nested virtualization

VMM 支持嵌套虚拟化功能,允许在 Hyper-V 虚拟机中运行 Hyper-V。VMM supports Nested Virtualization feature that allows you to run Hyper-V inside a Hyper-V virtual machine. 换言之,借助嵌套虚拟化,Hyper-V 主机本身可以虚拟化。In other words, with nested virtualization, a Hyper-V host itself can be virtualized. 可通过使用 PowerShell 和 Hyper-V 主机配置带外访问嵌套虚拟化。Nested virtualization can be enabled out-of-band by using PowerShell and Hyper-V host configuration.

可以利用该功能减少开发、测试、演示和培训方案的基础结构费用。You can leverage this functionality to reduce your infrastructure expense for development, test, demo, and training scenarios. 此功能还允许使用带有 Microsoft 虚拟机监控程序的第三方虚拟化管理产品。This feature also allows you to use third- party virtualization management products with Microsoft hypervisor.

可以使用 SCVMM 1801 启用或禁用嵌套虚拟化功能。You can enable or disable the nested virtualization feature using SCVMM 1801. 可以在 VMM 中将 VM 配置为主机,并在此 VM 上从 VMM 中执行主机操作。You can configure the VM as a Host in VMM and perform host operations from VMM on this VM. 例如,VMM 动态优化会考虑要放置的嵌套 VM 主机。For example, VMM dynamic optimization considers a nested VM host for placement. 了解详细信息Learn more.

将 VMware VM(基于 EFI 固件的 VM)迁移到 Hyper-V VMMigration of VMware VM (EFI firmware-based VM) to Hyper-V VM

目前从 VMware VM 到 Hyper-V 的 VMM 迁移仅支持迁移基于 BIOS 的 VM。The current VMM migration for VMware VMs to Hyper-V only supports migration of BIOS-based VMs.

VMM 1801 发行版允许将基于 EFI 的 VMware VM 迁移到 Hyper-V 第 2 代 VM。VMM 1801 release enables migration of EFI based VMware VMs to Hyper-V generation 2 VMs. 迁移到 Microsoft Hyper-V 平台的 VMware VM 可以利用 Hyper-V 第 2 代的功能。VMware VMs that you migrate to Microsoft Hyper-V platform can take advantage of the Hyper-V generation 2 features.

作为该发行版的一部分,“转换虚拟机” 向导基于固件类型(BIOS 或 EFI)启用 VM 迁移,选择 Hyper-V VM 代别并相应地设置默认值:了解详细信息As part of this release, the Convert Virtual machine wizard enables the VM migration based on the firmware type (BIOS or EFI), selects and defaults the Hyper-V VM generation appropriately: Learn more.

  1. 基于 BIOS 的 VM 迁移到 Hyper-V VM 第 1 代。BIOS-based VMs are migrated to Hyper-V VM generation 1.
  2. 基于 EFI 的 VM 迁移到 Hyper-V VM 第 2 代。EFI-based VMs are migrated to Hyper-V VM generation 2.

我们还对 VMWare VM 转换过程进行了改进,使转换速度提高了 50%。We have also made improvements in the VMWare VM conversion process that makes the conversion up to 50% faster.

主机刷新程序的性能改进Performance improvement in host refresher

VMM 1801 主机刷新程序进行了一些更新以改进性能。The VMM 1801 host refresher has undergone certain updates for performance improvement.

通过这些更新,在组织通过检查点管理大量主机和虚拟机的情况下,你将能看到作业性能有显著提升。With these updates, in scenarios where the organization is managing large number of hosts and VMs with checkpoints – you would be able to observe significant and noticeable improvements in the performance of the job.

在我们的实验室中,使用 VMM 实例管理 20 个主机(每个主机管理 45-100 个虚拟机),我们测到高达 10 倍的性能提升。In our lab with VMM instances managing 20 hosts - each host managing 45-100 VMs, we have measured up to 10X performance improvement.

VMM 中的增强型控制台会话Enhanced console session in VMM

VMM 中的控制台连接提供了一种远程桌面连接到 VM 的替换方法。Console connect in VMM provides an alternative way to remote desktop to connect to the VM. 当虚拟机没有任何网络连接或想要更改可能破坏网络连接的网络配置时,这种方法非常有用。This is most useful when the VM does not have any network connectivity or want to change network configuration that could break the network connectivity. 目前,VMM 中当前的控制台连接只支持基本会话,其中只能通过“键入剪贴板文本”菜单选项粘贴剪贴板文本。Currently, the current console connect in VMM supports only basic session where clipboard text can only be pasted through Type Clipboard Text menu option.

VMM 1801 支持增强的控制台会话,使 ANSI 文本和文件上的“剪切 (Ctrl + X)”、“复制 (Ctrl + C)”和“粘贴 (Ctrl + V)”操作都可在剪贴板上进行,因此文本和文件的复制/粘贴命令可以来自或指向 VM 。VMM 1801 supports enhanced console session that enables Cut (Ctrl + X), Copy (Ctrl + C) and Paste (Ctrl + V) operations on the ANSI text and files available on the clipboard, thereby copy/paste commands for text and files are possible from and to the VM. 了解详细信息Learn more.

存储Storage

VMM 存储 QoS 中的改进Improvement in VMM storage QoS

存储服务质量 (SQoS) 提供了一种方式,使用 Hyper-V 和横向扩展文件服务器 (SOFS) 角色集中监视和管理虚拟机的存储性能。Storage Quality of Service (SQoS) provides a way to centrally monitor and manage storage performance for virtual machines using Hyper-V and the Scale-Out File Server (SOFS) roles. 该功能可使用同一群集自动提高多个 VM 之间的存储资源公平性,并实现基于策略的性能目标。The feature automatically improves storage resource fairness between multiple VMs using the same cluster and allows policy-based performance goals.

VMM 1801 支持 SQoS 中的以下改进:VMM 1801 supports the following improvements in SQoS:

  • S2D 之外的 SQoS 支持扩展 - 现在可以将存储 QoS 策略分配给存储区域网络 (SAN)。Extension of SQoS support beyond S2D - You can now assign storage QoS policies to storage area networks (SAN). 了解详细信息Learn more.
  • VMM 私有云支持 - 存储 QoS 策略现在可以被 VMM 云租户使用。Support for VMM private cloud - storage QoS policies can now be consumed by the VMM cloud tenants. 了解详细信息Learn more.
  • 存储 QoS 策略作为模板的可用性 - 可以通过虚拟机模板来设置存储 QoS 策略。Availability of storage QoS policies as templates - You can set storage QoS policies through VM templates. 了解详细信息Learn more.

网络Networking

通过 VMM 在 SDN 中配置来宾群集Configuration of guest clusters in SDN through VMM

随着软件定义网络 (SDN) 的出现,Windows Server 2016 和 System Center 2016 中来宾群集的配置已经发生了一些变化。With the advent of the software defined network (SDN), in Windows Server 2016 and System Center 2016, the configuration of guest clusters has undergone some change.

通过引入 SDN,连接到使用 SDN 的虚拟网络的 VM 只被允许使用网络控制器分配的 IP 地址进行通信。With the introduction of the SDN, VMs which are connected to the virtual network using SDN are only permitted to use the IP address that the network controller assigns for communication. SDN 设计受 Azure 网络设计的启发,通过软件负载平衡器 (SLB)(如 Azure 网络)支持浮动 IP 功能。The SDN design is inspired by Azure networking design, supports the floating IP functionality through the Software Load Balancer (SLB), like Azure networking.

VMM 1801 发行版还通过 SDN 方案中的软件负载平衡器 (SLB) 支持浮动 IP 功能。VMM 1801 release also supports the floating IP functionality through the Software Load Balancer (SLB) in the SDN scenarios. VMM 1801 通过内部负载均衡器 (ILB) VIP 支持来宾群集。VMM 1801 supports guest clustering through an Internal Load Balancer (ILB) VIP. ILB 使用在来宾群集 VM 上创建的探测端口来识别活动节点。The ILB uses probe ports, which are created on the guest cluster VMs to identify the active node. 在任何给定的时间,只有主动节点的探测端口响应 ILB,并且指向 VIP 的所有流量路由到主动节点。At any given time, the probe port of only the active node responds to the ILB and all the traffic directed to the VIP is routed to the active node. . 了解详细信息Learn more.

通过 VMM 服务模板配置 SLB VIPConfiguration of SLB VIPs through VMM service templates

Windows 2016 中的 SDN 可以使用软件负载平衡 (SLB) 在服务提供商和租户管理的工作负载之间平均分配网络流量。SDN in Windows 2016 can use Software Load Balancing (SLB) to evenly distribute network traffic among workloads managed by service provider and tenants. VMM 2016 目前支持使用 Power Shell 部署 SLB 虚拟 IP (VIP)。VMM 2016 currently supports deployment of SLB Virtual IPs (VIPs) using power shell.

借助 VMM 1801,VMM 支持在使用服务模板部署多层应用程序时配置 SLB VIP。With VMM 1801, VMM supports configuration of SLB VIPs while deploying multi-tier application by using the service templates. 了解详细信息Learn more.

通过 VMM 配置网络加密的 VMConfiguration of encrypted VM networks through VMM

VMM 1801 支持加密 VM 网络。VMM 1801 supports encryption of VM networks. 使用新的加密网络功能,可以通过使用网络控制器 (NC) 在 VM 网络上轻松配置端到端加密。Using the new encrypted networks feature, end-to-end encryption can be easily configured on VM networks by using the Network Controller (NC). 这种加密技术可以阻止读取和操作同一网络和同一子网上两个 VM 之间的流量。This encryption prevents traffic between two VMs on the same network and same subnet, from being read and manipulated.

加密控制在子网级别,可以为 VM 网络的每个子网启用/禁用加密。The control of encryption is at the subnet level and encryption can be enabled/disabled for each subnet of the VM network. 了解详细信息Learn more.

安全Security

支持受防护的 Linux VMSupport to Linux shielded VM

Windows Server 2016 为基于 Windows 操作系统的 VM 引入了受防护的 VM 概念。Windows Server 2016 introduced the concept of a shielded VM for Windows OS-based VMs. 当虚拟机的数据处于静态或有不可信的软件在 Hyper-V 主机上运行时,受防护的 VM 可以提供防护以阻止恶意管理员操作。Shielded VMs provide protection against malicious administrator actions both when VM’s data is at rest or an untrusted software is running on Hyper-V hosts.

通过 Windows Server 1709,Hyper-V 引入了预配 Linux 受防护的 VM 支持,VMM 1801 同样扩展了该支持。With Windows Server 1709, Hyper-V introduces support for provisioning Linux shielded VMs and the same has been extended to VMM 1801. 了解详细信息Learn more.

配置回退 HGSConfiguration of fallback HGS

作为提供证明和密钥保护服务以便在 Hyper-V 主机上运行受防护的 VM 的核心,主机保护者服务 (HGS) 即使在发生灾难的情况下也应运行。Being at the heart of providing attestation and key protection services to run shielded VMs on Hyper-V hosts, the host guardian service (HGS) should operate even in situations of disaster. Windows Server 1709 增加了对回退 HGS 的支持。Windows Server 1709 added support for fallback HGS.

使用 VMM 1801,可以通过 HGS URLS(证明和密钥保护 URI)的主次对来配置受保护的主机。Using VMM 1801, a guarded host can be configured with a primary and a secondary pair of HGS URLS (an attestation and key protection URI). 此功能支持受保护的构造部署跨越两个数据中心以实现灾难恢复以及 HGS 作为受防护的 VM 运行等类似方案。This capability enables scenarios such as guarded fabric deployments spanning two data centers for disaster recovery purposes, HGS running as shielded VMs etc.

主 HGS URL 将始终优先于次 HGS URL。The primary HGS URLs will always be used in favor of the secondary. 如果主 HGS 在适当的超时和重试次数后没有响应,则会对次 HGS 重新尝试该操作。If the primary HGS fails to respond after the appropriate timeout and retry count, the operation will be reattempted against the secondary. 随后的操作将始终优先选择主 HGS;次 HGS 仅在主 HGS 失败时使用。Subsequent operations will always favor the primary; the secondary will only be used when the primary fails. 了解详细信息Learn more.

Azure 集成Azure Integration

管理基于 Azure 资源管理器和特定于区域的 Azure 订阅Management of Azure Resource Manager-based and region-specific Azure subscriptions

目前,VMM Azure 插件仅支持经典虚拟 (VM) 和公共 Azure 区域。Currently, the VMM Azure plugin supports only classic virtual machines (VMs) and public Azure regions.

VMM 1801 支持管理基于 Azure 资源管理器的 VM、基于 Azure Active Directory (AD) 的身份验证,它们是使用新的 Azure 门户和特定于区域的 Azure 订阅(即德国、中国、美国政府 Azure 区域)创建的。VMM 1801 supports management of Azure Resource Manager based VMs, Azure Active Directory (AD) based authentication that is created by using the new Azure portal and region-specific Azure subscriptions (namely, Germany, China, US Government Azure regions). 了解详细信息Learn more.

VMM 2016 中的新增功能What's new in VMM 2016

请参阅以下各节,详细了解 VMM 2016 中支持的新功能。See the following sections for detailed information about the new features supported in VMM 2016.

计算Compute

基于 Nano 服务器的主机和 VM 的完整生命周期管理Full lifecycle management of Nano Server-based hosts and VMs

可以在 VMM 构造中预配和管理基于 Nano Server 的主机和虚拟机。You can provision and manage Nano Server-based hosts and virtual machines in the VMM fabric. 了解详细信息Learn more.

Windows Server 2012 R2 主机群集的滚动升级Rolling upgrade of a Windows Server 2012 R2 host clusters

现在可以将 VMM 构造中的 Hyper-V 和横向扩展文件服务器 (SOFS) 群集从 Windows Server 2012 R2 升级到 Windows Server 2016,而主机工作负荷无需停机。You can now upgrade Hyper-V and scale-out file server (SOFS) clusters in the VMM fabric from Windows Server 2012 R2 to Windows Server 2016, with no downtime for the host workloads. VMM 安排整个工作流。VMM orchestrates the entire workflow. 它清空节点、将其从群集中删除、重新安装操作系统,并将其重新添加到群集中。It drains the node, removes it from the cluster, reinstalls the operating system, and adds it back into the cluster. 了解有关执行 Hyper-V 群集SOFS 群集滚动升级的详细信息。Learn more about performing rolling upgrades for Hyper-V clusters, and SOFS clusters.

创建 Hyper-V 和 SOFS 群集Creating Hyper-V & SOFS clusters

存在创建 Hyper-V 和 SOFS 群集所需的简化工作流:There's a streamlined workflow for creating Hyper-V and SOFS clusters:

  • Hyper-V 主机群集的裸机部署:现在只需通过单个步骤,便可从裸机部署 Hyper-V 主机群集。Bare metal deployment of Hyper-V host clusters: Deploying a Hyper-V host cluster from bare metal machines is now a single step. 了解详细信息Learn more

  • 将裸机节点添加到现有 Hyper-V 主机群集或 SOFS 群集:现在可以直接将裸机计算机添加到现有的 Hyper-VSOFS 群集。Adding a bare-metal node to an existing Hyper-V host cluster or an SOFS Cluster: You can now directly add a bare-metal computer to an existing Hyper-V or SOFS cluster.

用于正在运行的 VM 的新操作New operations for running VMs

对于正在运行的虚拟机,现在可增加/减少静态内存和添加/删除虚拟网络适配器。You can now increase/decrease static memory and add/remove virtual network adapter for virtual machines that are running. 了解详细信息Learn more.

生产检查点Production checkpoints

现在可以为 VM 创建生产检查点。You can now create production checkpoints for VMs. 这些检查点基于卷影复制服务 (VSS),并且具有应用程序上的一致性(相较于标准检查点,标准检查点基于不具有一致性的保存状态技术。These checkpoints are based on Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) and are application-consistent (compared to standard checkpoints based on saved state technology that aren't. 了解详细信息Learn more.

Server App-VServer App-V

服务模板中的 Server APP-V 应用程序不再适用于 VMM 2016。The Server App-V application in service templates is no longer available in VMM 2016. 无法使用 Server APP-V 应用创建新模板或部署新服务。You can't create new templates or deploy new services with the Server App-V app. 如果从 VMM 2012 R2 进行升级并具有 Server APP-V 应用程序的一项服务,则现有部署将继续工作。If you upgrade from VMM 2012 R2 and have a service with the Server App-V application, the existing deployment will continue to work. 但是,升级后,无法横向扩展 Server APP-V 应用程序的层。However, after the upgrade you can't scale out the tier with Server App-V application. 可以扩展其他层。You can scale out other tiers.

存储Storage

使用存储空间直通 (S2D) 部署和管理存储群集Deploy and manage storage clusters with Storage Spaces Direct (S2D)

Windows Server 2016 中的存储空间直通使你能够在 Windows Server 上构建高度可用的存储系统。Storage Spaces Direct in Windows Server 2016 enables you to build highly available storage systems on Windows Server. 可使用 VMM 创建运行 Windows Server 2016 的横向扩展文件服务器,并使用存储空间直通对其进行配置。You can use VMM to create a Scale-Out File Server running Windows Server 2016, and configure it with Storage Spaces Direct. 配置后,可以在横向扩展文件服务器上创建存储池和文件共享。After it's configure you can create storage pools and file shares on it. 了解详细信息Learn more.

存储副本Storage Replica

在 VMM 2016 中,可以使用 Windows 存储副本来保护卷中的数据,方法是在主卷和辅卷(恢复)卷之间同步复制数据。In VMM 2016 you can use Windows Storage Replica to protect data in a volume by synchronously replicating it between primary and secondary (recovery) volumes. 可将主卷和辅助卷部署到单个群集、两个不同的群集或两个独立服务器。You can deploy the primary and secondary volumes to a single cluster, to two different clusters, or to two standalone servers. 使用 PowerShell 来设置存储副本和运行故障转移。You use PowerShell to set up Storage Replica and run failover. 了解详细信息Learn more

存储服务质量策略 (QOS)Storage Quality of Service (QoS)

可以为存储配置 QoS,以在主机和存储处理过大负载时确保磁盘、VM、应用以及租户不会降到某个资源质量以下。You can configure QoS for storage to ensure that disks, VMs, apps, and tenants don't drop below a certain resource quality when hosts and storage are handling heavy loads. 可以在 VMM 构造中为存储配置 QoS。You can configure QoS for storage in the VMM fabric.

网络Networking

软件定义的网络 (SDN)Software Defined Networking (SDN)

在 VMM 2016 中,可以使用 VMM 服务模板部署整个 SDN 堆栈。In VMM 2016 you can deploy the entire SDN stack using VMM service templates.

  • 可以在子网中部署和管理多节点网络控制器。You can deploy and manage a multi-node Network Controller in a subnet. 部署和载入网络控制器后,可以指定应使用 SDN 托管构造组件,以向租户 VM 提供连接和定义策略。After you deploy and onboard the Network Controller, you can specify that fabric components should be managed with SDN, to provide connectivity to tenant VMs and to define policies.
  • 可以部署和配置软件负载平衡器,在由网络控制器管理的网络内分摊流量。You can deploy and configure a software load balancer, to distribute traffic within networks managed by Network Controller. 软件负载平衡器可用于入站和出站 NAT。The software load balancer can be used for inbound and outbound NAT.
  • 可以部署和配置具有 M+N 冗余的 Windows Server 网关池。You can deploy and configure a Windows Server Gateway pool with M+N redundancy. 部署网关后,将租户网络连接到托管提供程序网络,或使用 S2S GRE、S2S IPSec 或 L3 将租户网络连接到自己的远程数据中心网络。After you deploy the gateway, you connect a tenant network to a hosting provider network, or to your own remote data center network using S2S GRE, S2S IPSec, or L3.

网络流量隔离和筛选Network traffic isolation and filtering

可以限制和隔离网络流量,方法是在 VM 网络、虚拟子网、网络接口上指定端口 ACL,或使用网络控制器和 PowerShell 在整个 VMM 标记上指定端口 ACL。You can limit and segregate network traffic by specifying port ACLs on VM networks, virtual subnets, network interfaces, or on an entire VMM stamp using Network Controller and PowerShell. 了解详细信息Learn more.

虚拟网络适配器命名Virtual network adapter naming

部署虚拟机时,可能会想要在来宾操作系统上运行部署后脚本,以配置虚拟网络适配器。When you deploy a virtual machine, you might want to run a post-deployment script on the guest operating system to configure virtual network adapters. 以前实现这一操作会比较困难,因为很难在部署期间区分不同的虚拟网络适配器。Previously, this was difficult because there wasn't an easy way to distinguish different virtual network adapters during deployment. 现在,对于在运行 Windows Server 2016 的 Hyper-V 主机上部署的第 2 代虚拟机,可以在一个虚拟机模板中命名虚拟网络适配器。Now, for generation 2 virtual machines deployed on Hyper-V hosts running Windows Server 2016, you can name the virtual network adapter in a virtual machine template. 这类似于针对物理网络适配器使用一致设备命名 (CDN)。This is similar to using consistent device naming (CDN) for a physical network adapter.

使用 Windows Azure Pack (WAP) 实现自助式 SDN 管理Self-service SDN management using Windows Azure Pack (WAP)

可以提供由网络控制器管理的构造的自助式功能。You can provide self-service capabilities for fabric managed by Network Controller. 其中包括创建和管理 VM 网络、配置 S2S IPSec 连接以及在数据中心中配置租户和基础结构 VM 的 NAT 选项。These include creating and managing VM networks, configuring S2S IPSec connections, and configuring NAT options for tenant and infrastructure VMs in your data center.

跨主机的逻辑交换机部署Logical switch deployment across hosts

  • 已经简化了创建逻辑交换机的界面,以便更加轻松地选择设置。The interface for creating a logical switch has been streamlined to make it easier to select settings.
  • 也可以直接使用 Hyper-v 在托管主机上配置标准虚拟交换机,然后使用 VMM 将标准虚拟交换机转换为 VMM 逻辑交换机,并在以后将逻辑交换机应用到其他主机。You can directly use Hyper-v to configure a standard virtual switch on a managed host, and then use VMM to convert the standard virtual switch to a VMM logical switch, which you later apply on additional hosts.
  • 在将逻辑交换机应用到特定主机时,如果整个操作不成功,则会撤消操作,并且将主机设置保持不变。When apply a logical switch to a particular host, if the entire operation doesn't succeed, the operation is reverted and host settings are left unchanged. 改进了日志记录,使诊断故障更加轻松。Improved logging makes it easier to diagnose failures.

安全Security

受保护的主机部署Guarded host deployment

可在 VMM 构造中预配和管理受保护的主机和受防护的 VM,以帮助保护它们免受恶意主机管理员和恶意软件的攻击。You can provision and manage guarded hosts and shielded VMs in the VMM fabric, to help provide protection against malicious host administrators and malware.

  • 可在 VMM 计算构造管理受保护的主机。You can manage guarded hosts in the VMM compute fabric. 配置受保护的主机以与 HGS 服务器进行通信,并可以指定代码完整性策略,以限制可在主机内核模式中运行的软件。You configure guarded hosts to communicate with HGS servers, and you can specify code integrity policies that restrict software that can run in kernel mode on the host.
  • 可以将现有的 VM 转换为受防护的 VM,并部署新的受防护的 VM。You can convert existing VMs to shielded VMs, and deploy new shielded VMs.

后续步骤Next steps