FolderBrowserDialog FolderBrowserDialog FolderBrowserDialog Class

Definition

Prompts the user to select a folder. This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class FolderBrowserDialog sealed : System::Windows::Forms::CommonDialog
public sealed class FolderBrowserDialog : System.Windows.Forms.CommonDialog
Public NotInheritable Class FolderBrowserDialog
Inherits CommonDialog
Inheritance

Examples

The following code example creates an application that enables the user to open rich text (.rtf) files within the RichTextBox control.

// The following example displays an application that provides the ability to
// open rich text files (rtf) into the RichTextBox. The example demonstrates
// using the FolderBrowserDialog to set the default directory for opening files.
// The OpenFileDialog is used to open the file.
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::IO;
public ref class FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
private:
   FolderBrowserDialog^ folderBrowserDialog1;
   OpenFileDialog^ openFileDialog1;
   RichTextBox^ richTextBox1;
   MainMenu^ mainMenu1;
   MenuItem^ fileMenuItem;
   MenuItem^ openMenuItem;
   MenuItem^ folderMenuItem;
   MenuItem^ closeMenuItem;
   String^ openFileName;
   String^ folderName;
   bool fileOpened;

public:

   // Constructor.
   FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm()
   {
      fileOpened = false;
      this->mainMenu1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::MainMenu;
      this->fileMenuItem = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::MenuItem;
      this->openMenuItem = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::MenuItem;
      this->folderMenuItem = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::MenuItem;
      this->closeMenuItem = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::MenuItem;
      this->openFileDialog1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::OpenFileDialog;
      this->folderBrowserDialog1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::FolderBrowserDialog;
      this->richTextBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::RichTextBox;
      this->mainMenu1->MenuItems->Add( this->fileMenuItem );
      array<System::Windows::Forms::MenuItem^>^temp0 = {this->openMenuItem,this->closeMenuItem,this->folderMenuItem};
      this->fileMenuItem->MenuItems->AddRange( temp0 );
      this->fileMenuItem->Text = "File";
      this->openMenuItem->Text = "Open...";
      this->openMenuItem->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm::openMenuItem_Click );
      this->folderMenuItem->Text = "Select Directory...";
      this->folderMenuItem->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm::folderMenuItem_Click );
      this->closeMenuItem->Text = "Close";
      this->closeMenuItem->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm::closeMenuItem_Click );
      this->closeMenuItem->Enabled = false;
      this->openFileDialog1->DefaultExt = "rtf";
      this->openFileDialog1->Filter = "rtf files (*.rtf)|*.rtf";
      
      // Set the help text description for the FolderBrowserDialog.
      this->folderBrowserDialog1->Description = "Select the directory that you want to use as the default.";
      
      // Do not allow the user to create new files via the FolderBrowserDialog.
      this->folderBrowserDialog1->ShowNewFolderButton = false;
      
      // Default to the My Documents folder.
      this->folderBrowserDialog1->RootFolder = Environment::SpecialFolder::Personal;
      this->richTextBox1->AcceptsTab = true;
      this->richTextBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 8, 8 );
      this->richTextBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 280, 344 );
      this->richTextBox1->Anchor = static_cast<AnchorStyles>(AnchorStyles::Top | AnchorStyles::Left | AnchorStyles::Bottom | AnchorStyles::Right);
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 296, 360 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->richTextBox1 );
      this->Menu = this->mainMenu1;
      this->Text = "RTF Document Browser";
   }


private:

   // Bring up a dialog to open a file.
   void openMenuItem_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      
      // If a file is not opened then set the initial directory to the
      // FolderBrowserDialog::SelectedPath value.
      if (  !fileOpened )
      {
         openFileDialog1->InitialDirectory = folderBrowserDialog1->SelectedPath;
         openFileDialog1->FileName = nullptr;
      }

      
      // Display the openFile Dialog.
      System::Windows::Forms::DialogResult result = openFileDialog1->ShowDialog();
      
      // OK button was pressed.
      if ( result == ::DialogResult::OK )
      {
         openFileName = openFileDialog1->FileName;
         try
         {
            
            // Output the requested file in richTextBox1.
            Stream^ s = openFileDialog1->OpenFile();
            richTextBox1->LoadFile( s, RichTextBoxStreamType::RichText );
            s->Close();
            fileOpened = true;
         }
         catch ( Exception^ exp ) 
         {
            MessageBox::Show( String::Concat( "An error occurred while attempting to load the file. The error is: ", System::Environment::NewLine, exp, System::Environment::NewLine ) );
            fileOpened = false;
         }

         Invalidate();
         closeMenuItem->Enabled = fileOpened;
      }
      // Cancel button was pressed.
      else
      
      // Cancel button was pressed.
      if ( result == ::DialogResult::Cancel )
      {
         return;
      }
   }


   // Close the current file.
   void closeMenuItem_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      richTextBox1->Text = "";
      fileOpened = false;
      closeMenuItem->Enabled = false;
   }


   // Bring up a dialog to chose a folder path in which to open/save a file.
   void folderMenuItem_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      
      // Show the FolderBrowserDialog.
      System::Windows::Forms::DialogResult result = folderBrowserDialog1->ShowDialog();
      if ( result == ::DialogResult::OK )
      {
         folderName = folderBrowserDialog1->SelectedPath;
         if (  !fileOpened )
         {
            
            // No file is opened, bring up openFileDialog in selected path.
            openFileDialog1->InitialDirectory = folderName;
            openFileDialog1->FileName = nullptr;
            openMenuItem->PerformClick();
         }
      }
   }

};


// The main entry point for the application.
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm );
}

// The following example displays an application that provides the ability to 
// open rich text files (rtf) into the RichTextBox. The example demonstrates 
// using the FolderBrowserDialog to set the default directory for opening files.
// The OpenFileDialog class is used to open the file.
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.IO;

public class FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm : System.Windows.Forms.Form
{
    private FolderBrowserDialog folderBrowserDialog1;
    private OpenFileDialog openFileDialog1;
    
    private RichTextBox richTextBox1;

    private MainMenu mainMenu1;
    private MenuItem fileMenuItem, openMenuItem;
    private MenuItem folderMenuItem, closeMenuItem;
    
    private string openFileName, folderName;

    private bool fileOpened = false;

    // The main entry point for the application.
    [STAThreadAttribute]
    static void Main() 
    {
        Application.Run(new FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm());
    }


    // Constructor.
    public FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm()
    {
        this.mainMenu1 = new System.Windows.Forms.MainMenu();
        this.fileMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
        this.openMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
        this.folderMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
        this.closeMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();

        this.openFileDialog1 = new System.Windows.Forms.OpenFileDialog();
        this.folderBrowserDialog1 = new System.Windows.Forms.FolderBrowserDialog();
        this.richTextBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.RichTextBox();

        this.mainMenu1.MenuItems.Add(this.fileMenuItem);
        this.fileMenuItem.MenuItems.AddRange(
                            new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem[] {this.openMenuItem,
                                                                 this.closeMenuItem,
                                                                 this.folderMenuItem});
        this.fileMenuItem.Text = "File";

        this.openMenuItem.Text = "Open...";
        this.openMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.openMenuItem_Click);

        this.folderMenuItem.Text = "Select Directory...";
        this.folderMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.folderMenuItem_Click);

        this.closeMenuItem.Text = "Close";
        this.closeMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.closeMenuItem_Click);
        this.closeMenuItem.Enabled = false;

        this.openFileDialog1.DefaultExt = "rtf";
        this.openFileDialog1.Filter = "rtf files (*.rtf)|*.rtf";

        // Set the help text description for the FolderBrowserDialog.
        this.folderBrowserDialog1.Description = 
            "Select the directory that you want to use as the default.";

        // Do not allow the user to create new files via the FolderBrowserDialog.
        this.folderBrowserDialog1.ShowNewFolderButton = false;

        // Default to the My Documents folder.
        this.folderBrowserDialog1.RootFolder = Environment.SpecialFolder.Personal;

        this.richTextBox1.AcceptsTab = true;
        this.richTextBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 8);
        this.richTextBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(280, 344);
        this.richTextBox1.Anchor = AnchorStyles.Top | AnchorStyles.Left | 
                                   AnchorStyles.Bottom | AnchorStyles.Right;

        this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(296, 360);
        this.Controls.Add(this.richTextBox1);
        this.Menu = this.mainMenu1;
        this.Text = "RTF Document Browser";
    }

    // Bring up a dialog to open a file.
    private void openMenuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        // If a file is not opened, then set the initial directory to the
        // FolderBrowserDialog.SelectedPath value.
        if (!fileOpened) {
            openFileDialog1.InitialDirectory = folderBrowserDialog1.SelectedPath;
            openFileDialog1.FileName = null;
        }

        // Display the openFile dialog.
        DialogResult result = openFileDialog1.ShowDialog();

        // OK button was pressed.
        if(result == DialogResult.OK) 
        {
            openFileName = openFileDialog1.FileName;
            try
            {
                // Output the requested file in richTextBox1.
                Stream s = openFileDialog1.OpenFile();
                richTextBox1.LoadFile(s, RichTextBoxStreamType.RichText);
                s.Close();    
            
                fileOpened = true;

            } 
            catch(Exception exp)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("An error occurred while attempting to load the file. The error is:" 
                                + System.Environment.NewLine + exp.ToString() + System.Environment.NewLine);
                fileOpened = false;
            }
            Invalidate();

            closeMenuItem.Enabled = fileOpened;
        }

        // Cancel button was pressed.
        else if(result == DialogResult.Cancel) 
        {
            return;
        }
    }


    // Close the current file.
    private void closeMenuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        richTextBox1.Text = "";
        fileOpened = false;

        closeMenuItem.Enabled = false;
    }


    // Bring up a dialog to chose a folder path in which to open or save a file.
    private void folderMenuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        // Show the FolderBrowserDialog.
        DialogResult result = folderBrowserDialog1.ShowDialog();
        if( result == DialogResult.OK )
        {
            folderName = folderBrowserDialog1.SelectedPath;
            if(!fileOpened)
            {
                // No file is opened, bring up openFileDialog in selected path.
                openFileDialog1.InitialDirectory = folderName;
                openFileDialog1.FileName = null;
                openMenuItem.PerformClick();
            } 
        }
    }
}
' The following example displays an application that provides the ability to 
' open rich text files (rtf) into the RichTextBox. The example demonstrates 
' using the FolderBrowserDialog to set the default directory for opening files.
' The OpenFileDialog class is used to open the file.
Imports System
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.IO

Public Class FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm 
    Inherits Form
    
    Private folderBrowserDialog1 As FolderBrowserDialog
    Private openFileDialog1 As OpenFileDialog 
    
    Private richTextBox1 As RichTextBox

    Private mainMenu1 As MainMenu
    Private fileMenuItem As MenuItem
    Private WithEvents folderMenuItem As MenuItem, _
                       closeMenuItem As MenuItem, _
                       openMenuItem As MenuItem
    
    Private openFileName As String, folderName As String

    Private fileOpened As Boolean = False

    Public Sub New()
        Me.mainMenu1 = New System.Windows.Forms.MainMenu() 
        Me.fileMenuItem = New System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem() 
        Me.openMenuItem = New System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem() 
        Me.folderMenuItem = New System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem() 
        Me.closeMenuItem = New System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem() 

        Me.openFileDialog1 = New System.Windows.Forms.OpenFileDialog() 
        Me.folderBrowserDialog1 = New System.Windows.Forms.FolderBrowserDialog() 
        Me.richTextBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.RichTextBox() 

        Me.mainMenu1.MenuItems.Add(Me.fileMenuItem) 
        Me.fileMenuItem.MenuItems.AddRange( _
                    New System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem() {Me.openMenuItem, _
                                                         Me.closeMenuItem, _
                                                         Me.folderMenuItem}) 
        Me.fileMenuItem.Text = "File" 

        Me.openMenuItem.Text = "Open..." 

        Me.folderMenuItem.Text = "Select Directory..." 

        Me.closeMenuItem.Text = "Close" 
        Me.closeMenuItem.Enabled = False 

        Me.openFileDialog1.DefaultExt = "rtf" 
        Me.openFileDialog1.Filter = "rtf files (*.rtf)|*.rtf" 

        ' Set the Help text description for the FolderBrowserDialog.
        Me.folderBrowserDialog1.Description = _
            "Select the directory that you want to use As the default." 

        ' Do not allow the user to create New files via the FolderBrowserDialog.
        Me.folderBrowserDialog1.ShowNewFolderButton = False 

        ' Default to the My Documents folder.
        Me.folderBrowserDialog1.RootFolder = Environment.SpecialFolder.Personal 

        Me.richTextBox1.AcceptsTab = True 
        Me.richTextBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 8) 
        Me.richTextBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(280, 344) 
        Me.richTextBox1.Anchor = AnchorStyles.Top Or AnchorStyles.Left Or _
                                 AnchorStyles.Bottom Or AnchorStyles.Right 

        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(296, 360) 
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.richTextBox1) 
        Me.Menu = Me.mainMenu1 
        Me.Text = "RTF Document Browser" 
    End Sub
    
    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm())
    End Sub

    ' Bring up a dialog to open a file.
    Private Sub openMenuItem_Click(sender As object, e As System.EventArgs) _
        Handles openMenuItem.Click
        ' If a file is not opened, then set the initial directory to the
        ' FolderBrowserDialog.SelectedPath value.
        If (not fileOpened) Then
            openFileDialog1.InitialDirectory = folderBrowserDialog1.SelectedPath 
            openFileDialog1.FileName = nothing 
        End If

        ' Display the openFile dialog.
        Dim result As DialogResult = openFileDialog1.ShowDialog() 

        ' OK button was pressed.
        If (result = DialogResult.OK) Then
            openFileName = openFileDialog1.FileName 
            Try
                ' Output the requested file in richTextBox1.
                Dim s As Stream = openFileDialog1.OpenFile() 
                richTextBox1.LoadFile(s, RichTextBoxStreamType.RichText) 
                s.Close()     
            
                fileOpened = True 

            Catch exp As Exception
                MessageBox.Show("An error occurred while attempting to load the file. The error is:" _
                                + System.Environment.NewLine + exp.ToString() + System.Environment.NewLine) 
                fileOpened = False 
            End Try
            Invalidate() 

            closeMenuItem.Enabled = fileOpened 

        ' Cancel button was pressed.
        ElseIf (result = DialogResult.Cancel) Then
            return 
        End If
    End Sub

    ' Close the current file.
    Private Sub closeMenuItem_Click(sender As object, e As System.EventArgs) _
        Handles closeMenuItem.Click
        richTextBox1.Text = "" 
        fileOpened = False 

        closeMenuItem.Enabled = False 
    End Sub

    ' Bring up a dialog to chose a folder path in which to open or save a file.
    Private Sub folderMenuItem_Click(sender As object, e As System.EventArgs) _
        Handles folderMenuItem.Click
        ' Show the FolderBrowserDialog.
        Dim result As DialogResult = folderBrowserDialog1.ShowDialog() 

        If ( result = DialogResult.OK ) Then
            folderName = folderBrowserDialog1.SelectedPath 
            If (not fileOpened) Then
                ' No file is opened, bring up openFileDialog in selected path.
                openFileDialog1.InitialDirectory = folderName 
                openFileDialog1.FileName = nothing
                openMenuItem.PerformClick() 
            End If
        End If
    End Sub

End Class

Remarks

This class provides a way to prompt the user to browse, create, and eventually select a folder. Use this class when you only want to allow the user to select folders, not files. Browsing of the folders is done through a tree control. Only folders from the file system can be selected; virtual folders cannot.

Typically, after creating a new FolderBrowserDialog, you set the RootFolder to the location from which to start browsing. Optionally, you can set the SelectedPath to an absolute path of a subfolder of RootFolder that will initially be selected. You can also optionally set the Description property to provide additional instructions to the user. Finally, call the ShowDialog method to display the dialog box to the user. When the dialog box is closed and the dialog box result from ShowDialog is DialogResult.OK, the SelectedPath will be a string containing the path to the selected folder.

You can use the ShowNewFolderButton property to control if the user is able to create new folders with the New Folder button.

FolderBrowserDialog is a modal dialog box; therefore, when shown, it blocks the rest of the application until the user has chosen a folder. When a dialog box is displayed modally, no input (keyboard or mouse click) can occur except to objects on the dialog box. The program must hide or close the dialog box (usually in response to some user action) before input to the calling program can occur.

Constructors

FolderBrowserDialog() FolderBrowserDialog() FolderBrowserDialog()

Initializes a new instance of the FolderBrowserDialog class.

Properties

CanRaiseEvents CanRaiseEvents CanRaiseEvents

Gets a value indicating whether the component can raise an event.

(Inherited from Component)
Container Container Container

Gets the IContainer that contains the Component.

(Inherited from Component)
Description Description Description

Gets or sets the descriptive text displayed above the tree view control in the dialog box.

DesignMode DesignMode DesignMode

Gets a value that indicates whether the Component is currently in design mode.

(Inherited from Component)
Events Events Events

Gets the list of event handlers that are attached to this Component.

(Inherited from Component)
RootFolder RootFolder RootFolder

Gets or sets the root folder where the browsing starts from.

SelectedPath SelectedPath SelectedPath

Gets or sets the path selected by the user.

ShowNewFolderButton ShowNewFolderButton ShowNewFolderButton

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the New Folder button appears in the folder browser dialog box.

Site Site Site

Gets or sets the ISite of the Component.

(Inherited from Component)
Tag Tag Tag

Gets or sets an object that contains data about the control.

(Inherited from CommonDialog)

Methods

CreateObjRef(Type) CreateObjRef(Type) CreateObjRef(Type)

Creates an object that contains all the relevant information required to generate a proxy used to communicate with a remote object.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
Dispose() Dispose() Dispose()

Releases all resources used by the Component.

(Inherited from Component)
Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean)

Releases the unmanaged resources used by the Component and optionally releases the managed resources.

(Inherited from Component)
Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetLifetimeService() GetLifetimeService() GetLifetimeService()

Retrieves the current lifetime service object that controls the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
GetService(Type) GetService(Type) GetService(Type)

Returns an object that represents a service provided by the Component or by its Container.

(Inherited from Component)
GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
HookProc(IntPtr, Int32, IntPtr, IntPtr) HookProc(IntPtr, Int32, IntPtr, IntPtr) HookProc(IntPtr, Int32, IntPtr, IntPtr)

Defines the common dialog box hook procedure that is overridden to add specific functionality to a common dialog box.

(Inherited from CommonDialog)
InitializeLifetimeService() InitializeLifetimeService() InitializeLifetimeService()

Obtains a lifetime service object to control the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone(Boolean) MemberwiseClone(Boolean) MemberwiseClone(Boolean)

Creates a shallow copy of the current MarshalByRefObject object.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
OnHelpRequest(EventArgs) OnHelpRequest(EventArgs) OnHelpRequest(EventArgs)

Raises the HelpRequest event.

(Inherited from CommonDialog)
OwnerWndProc(IntPtr, Int32, IntPtr, IntPtr) OwnerWndProc(IntPtr, Int32, IntPtr, IntPtr) OwnerWndProc(IntPtr, Int32, IntPtr, IntPtr)

Defines the owner window procedure that is overridden to add specific functionality to a common dialog box.

(Inherited from CommonDialog)
Reset() Reset() Reset()

Resets properties to their default values.

RunDialog(IntPtr) RunDialog(IntPtr) RunDialog(IntPtr)

When overridden in a derived class, specifies a common dialog box.

(Inherited from CommonDialog)
ShowDialog() ShowDialog() ShowDialog()

Runs a common dialog box with a default owner.

(Inherited from CommonDialog)
ShowDialog(IWin32Window) ShowDialog(IWin32Window) ShowDialog(IWin32Window)

Runs a common dialog box with the specified owner.

(Inherited from CommonDialog)
ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a String containing the name of the Component, if any. This method should not be overridden.

(Inherited from Component)

Events

Disposed Disposed Disposed

Occurs when the component is disposed by a call to the Dispose() method.

(Inherited from Component)
HelpRequest HelpRequest HelpRequest

Occurs when the user clicks the Help button on the dialog box.

Applies to

See Also