AndAlso Operator (Visual Basic)

Performs short-circuiting logical conjunction on two expressions.

Syntax

result = expression1 AndAlso expression2  

Parts

Term Definition
result Required. Any Boolean expression. The result is the Boolean result of comparison of the two expressions.
expression1 Required. Any Boolean expression.
expression2 Required. Any Boolean expression.

Remarks

A logical operation is said to be short-circuiting if the compiled code can bypass the evaluation of one expression depending on the result of another expression. If the result of the first expression evaluated determines the final result of the operation, there is no need to evaluate the second expression, because it cannot change the final result. Short-circuiting can improve performance if the bypassed expression is complex, or if it involves procedure calls.

If both expressions evaluate to True, result is True. The following table illustrates how result is determined.

If expression1 is And expression2 is The value of result is
True True True
True False False
False (not evaluated) False

Data Types

The AndAlso operator is defined only for the Boolean Data Type. Visual Basic converts each operand as necessary to Boolean and performs the operation entirely in Boolean. If you assign the result to a numeric type, Visual Basic converts it from Boolean to that type. This could produce unexpected behavior. For example, 5 AndAlso 12 results in –1 when converted to Integer.

Overloading

The And Operator and the IsFalse Operator can be overloaded, which means that a class or structure can redefine their behavior when an operand has the type of that class or structure. Overloading the And and IsFalse operators affects the behavior of the AndAlso operator. If your code uses AndAlso on a class or structure that overloads And and IsFalse, be sure you understand their redefined behavior. For more information, see Operator Procedures.

Example

The following example uses the AndAlso operator to perform a logical conjunction on two expressions. The result is a Boolean value that represents whether the entire conjoined expression is true. If the first expression is False, the second is not evaluated.

Dim a As Integer = 10
Dim b As Integer = 8
Dim c As Integer = 6
Dim firstCheck, secondCheck, thirdCheck As Boolean
firstCheck = a > b AndAlso b > c
secondCheck = b > a AndAlso b > c
thirdCheck = a > b AndAlso c > b

The preceding example produces results of True, False, and False, respectively. In the calculation of secondCheck, the second expression is not evaluated because the first is already False. However, the second expression is evaluated in the calculation of thirdCheck.

Example

The following example shows a Function procedure that searches for a given value among the elements of an array. If the array is empty, or if the array length has been exceeded, the While statement does not test the array element against the search value.

Public Function findValue(ByVal arr() As Double, 
    ByVal searchValue As Double) As Double
    Dim i As Integer = 0
    While i <= UBound(arr) AndAlso arr(i) <> searchValue
        ' If i is greater than UBound(arr), searchValue is not checked.
        i += 1
    End While
    If i > UBound(arr) Then i = -1
    Return i
End Function

See Also

Logical/Bitwise Operators (Visual Basic)
Operator Precedence in Visual Basic
Operators Listed by Functionality
And Operator
IsFalse Operator
Logical and Bitwise Operators in Visual Basic