Provides information about the jobs for servers in the multiserver administration domain.
sp_help_jobhistory [ [ @job_id = ] job_id ] [ , [ @job_name = ] 'job_name' ] [ , [ @step_id = ] step_id ] [ , [ @sql_message_id = ] sql_message_id ] [ , [ @sql_severity = ] sql_severity ] [ , [ @start_run_date = ] start_run_date ] [ , [ @end_run_date = ] end_run_date ] [ , [ @start_run_time = ] start_run_time ] [ , [ @end_run_time = ] end_run_time ] [ , [ @minimum_run_duration = ] minimum_run_duration ] [ , [ @run_status = ] run_status ] [ , [ @minimum_retries = ] minimum_retries ] [ , [ @oldest_first = ] oldest_first ] [ , [ @server = ] 'server' ] [ , [ @mode = ] 'mode' ]
[ @job_id= ] job_id
The job identification number. job_id is uniqueidentifier, with a default of NULL.
[ @job_name= ] 'job_name'
The name of the job. job_name is sysname, with a default of NULL.
[ @step_id= ] step_id
The step identification number. step_id is int, with a default of NULL.
[ @sql_message_id= ] sql_message_id
The identification number of the error message returned by Microsoft SQL Server when executing the job. sql_message_id is int, with a default of NULL.
[ @sql_severity= ] sql_severity
The severity level of the error message returned by SQL Server when executing the job. sql_severity is int, with a default of NULL.
[ @start_run_date= ] start_run_date
The date the job was started. start_run_dateis int, with a default of NULL. start_run_date must be entered in the form YYYYMMDD, where YYYY is a four-character year, MM is a two-character month name, and DD is a two-character day name.
[ @end_run_date= ] end_run_date
The date the job was completed. end_run_date is int, with a default of NULL. end_run_datemust be entered in the form YYYYMMDD, where YYYY is a four-digit year, MM is a two-character month name, and DD is a two-character day name.
[ @start_run_time= ] start_run_time
The time the job was started. start_run_time is int, with a default of NULL. start_run_timemust be entered in the form HHMMSS, where HH is a two-character hour of the day, MM is a two-character minute of the day, and SS is a two-character second of the day.
[ @end_run_time= ] end_run_time
The time the job completed its execution. end_run_time is int, with a default of NULL. end_run_timemust be entered in the form HHMMSS, where HH is a two-character hour of the day, MM is a two-character minute of the day, and SS is a two-character second of the day.
[ @minimum_run_duration= ] minimum_run_duration
The minimum length of time for the completion of the job. minimum_run_duration is int, with a default of NULL. minimum_run_durationmust be entered in the form HHMMSS, where HH is a two-character hour of the day, MM is a two-character minute of the day, and SS is a two-character second of the day.
[ @run_status= ] run_status
The execution status of the job. run_status is int, with a default of NULL, and can be one of these values.
|2||Retry (step only)|
[ @minimum_retries= ] minimum_retries
The minimum number of times a job should retry running. minimum_retries is int, with a default of NULL.
[ @oldest_first= ] oldest_first
Is whether to present the output with the oldest jobs first. oldest_first is int, with a default of 0, which presents the newest jobs first. 1 presents the oldest jobs first.
[ @server= ] 'server'
The name of the server on which the job was performed. server is nvarchar(30), with a default of NULL.
[ @mode= ] 'mode'
Is whether SQL Server prints all columns in the result set (FULL) or a summary of the columns. mode is varchar(7), with a default of SUMMARY.
Return Code Values
0 (success) or 1 (failure)
The actual column list depends on the value of mode. The most comprehensive set of columns is shown below and is returned when mode is FULL.
|Column name||Data type||Description|
|instance_id||int||History entry identification number.|
|job_id||uniqueidentifier||Job identification number.|
|step_id||int||Step identification number (will be 0 for a job history).|
|step_name||sysname||Step name (will be NULL for a job history).|
|sql_message_id||int||For a Transact-SQL step, the most recent Transact-SQL error number encountered while running the command.|
|sql_severity||int||For a Transact-SQL step, the highest Transact-SQL error severity encountered while running the command.|
|message||nvarchar(1024)||Job or step history message.|
|run_status||int||Outcome of the job or step.|
|run_date||int||Date the job or step began executing.|
|run_time||int||Time the job or step began executing.|
|run_duration||int||Elapsed time in the execution of the job or step in HHMMSS format.|
|operator_emailed||nvarchar(20)||Operator who was e-mailed regarding this job (is NULL for step history).|
|operator_netsent||nvarchar(20)||Operator who was sent a network message regarding this job (is NULL for step history).|
|operator_paged||nvarchar(20)||Operator who was paged regarding this job (is NULL for step history).|
|retries_attempted||int||Number of times the step was retried (always 0 for a job history).|
|server||nvarchar(30)||Server the step or job executes on. Is always (local).|
sp_help_jobhistory returns a report with the history of the specified scheduled jobs. If no parameters are specified, the report contains the history for all scheduled jobs.
By default, members of the sysadmin fixed server role can execute this stored procedure. Other users must be granted one of the following SQL Server Agent fixed database roles in the msdb database:
For details about the permissions of these roles, see SQL Server Agent Fixed Database Roles.
Members of the SQLAgentUserRole database role can only view the history for jobs that they own.
A. Listing all job information for a job
The following example lists all job information for the
USE msdb ; GO EXEC dbo.sp_help_jobhistory @job_name = N'NightlyBackups' ; GO
B. Listing information for jobs that match certain conditions
The following example prints all columns and all job information for any failed jobs and failed job steps with an error message of
50100 (a user-defined error message) and a severity of
USE msdb GO EXEC dbo.sp_help_jobhistory @sql_message_id = 50100, @sql_severity = 20, @run_status = 0, @mode = N'FULL' ; GO