DBCC OPENTRAN (Transact-SQL)

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO:yesSQL Server (starting with 2008)noAzure SQL DatabasenoAzure SQL Data Warehouse noParallel Data Warehouse

DBCC OPENTRAN helps to identify active transactions that may be preventing log truncation. DBCC OPENTRAN displays information about the oldest active transaction and the oldest distributed and nondistributed replicated transactions, if any, within the transaction log of the specified database. Results are displayed only if there is an active transaction that exists in the log or if the database contains replication information. An informational message is displayed if there are no active transactions in the log.

Note

DBCC OPENTRAN is not supported for non- SQL Server Publishers.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

Syntax


DBCC OPENTRAN   
[   
    ( [ database_name | database_id | 0 ] ) ]  
    { [ WITH TABLERESULTS ]  
      [ , [ NO_INFOMSGS ] ]  
    }  
]   

Arguments

database_name | database_id| 0
Is the name or ID of the database for which to display the oldest transaction information. If not specified, or if 0 is specified, the current database is used. Database names must comply with the rules for identifiers.

TABLERESULTS
Specifies the results in a tabular format that can be loaded into a table. Use this option to create a table of results that can be inserted into a table for comparisons. When this option is not specified, results are formatted for readability.

NO_INFOMSGS
Suppresses all informational messages.

Remarks

Use DBCC OPENTRAN to determine whether an open transaction exists within the transaction log. When you use the BACKUP LOG statement, only the inactive part of the log can be truncated; an open transaction can prevent the log from truncating completely. To identify an open transaction, use sp_who to obtain the system process ID.

Result Sets

DBCC OPENTRAN returns the following result set when there are no open transactions:

No active open transactions.  
DBCC execution completed. If DBCC printed error messages, contact your system administrator.  

Permissions

Requires membership in the sysadmin fixed server role or the db_owner fixed database role.

Examples

A. Returning the oldest active transaction

The following example obtains transaction information for the current database. Results may vary.

CREATE TABLE T1(Col1 int, Col2 char(3));  
GO  
BEGIN TRAN  
INSERT INTO T1 VALUES (101, 'abc');  
GO  
DBCC OPENTRAN;  
ROLLBACK TRAN;  
GO  
DROP TABLE T1;  
GO  

Here is the result set.

Transaction information for database 'master'.

Oldest active transaction:

SPID (server process ID) : 52

UID (user ID) : -1

Name : user_transaction

LSN : (518:1576:1)

Start time : Jun 1 2004 3:30:07:197PM

SID : 0x010500000000000515000000a065cf7e784b9b5fe77c87709e611500

DBCC execution completed. If DBCC printed error messages, contact your system administrator.

Note

The "UID (user ID)" result is meaningless and will be removed in a future version of SQL Server .

B. Specifying the WITH TABLERESULTS option

The following example loads the results of the DBCC OPENTRAN command into a temporary table.

-- Create the temporary table to accept the results.  
CREATE TABLE #OpenTranStatus (  
   ActiveTransaction varchar(25),  
   Details sql_variant   
   );  
-- Execute the command, putting the results in the table.  
INSERT INTO #OpenTranStatus   
   EXEC ('DBCC OPENTRAN WITH TABLERESULTS, NO_INFOMSGS');  

-- Display the results.  
SELECT * FROM #OpenTranStatus;  
GO  

See Also

BEGIN TRANSACTION (Transact-SQL)
COMMIT TRANSACTION (Transact-SQL)
DBCC (Transact-SQL)
DB_ID (Transact-SQL)
ROLLBACK TRANSACTION (Transact-SQL)