ListView.ItemInserting Zdarzenie

Definicja

Występuje, gdy zażądano operacji INSERT, ale przed ListView wykonaniem instrukcji INSERT przez formant.Occurs when an insert operation is requested, but before the ListView control performs the insert.

public:
 event EventHandler<System::Web::UI::WebControls::ListViewInsertEventArgs ^> ^ ItemInserting;
public event EventHandler<System.Web.UI.WebControls.ListViewInsertEventArgs> ItemInserting;
member this.ItemInserting : EventHandler<System.Web.UI.WebControls.ListViewInsertEventArgs> 
Public Custom Event ItemInserting As EventHandler(Of ListViewInsertEventArgs) 

Typ zdarzenia

EventHandler<ListViewInsertEventArgs>

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład pokazuje, jak dodać program obsługi zdarzeń dla ItemInserting zdarzenia.The following example shows how to add an event handler for the ItemInserting event.

Ważne

Ten przykład zawiera kontrolki, które akceptują dane wejściowe użytkownika, co jest potencjalnym zagrożeniem bezpieczeństwa.This example contains controls that accept user input, which is a potential security threat. Domyślnie strony sieci Web ASP.NET sprawdzają, czy dane wejściowe użytkownika nie obejmują elementów skryptu ani HTML.By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. Aby uzyskać więcej informacji, zobacz Omówienie luk w zabezpieczeniach.For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page language="C#" %>
    
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
    
<script runat="server">
    
  void Page_Load()
  {
    Message.Text = String.Empty;
  }

  //<Snippet2>
  void ContactsListView_ItemInserting(Object sender, ListViewInsertEventArgs e)
  {
    // Iterate through the values to verify if they are not empty.
    foreach (DictionaryEntry de in e.Values)
    {
      if (de.Value == null)
      {
        Message.Text = "Cannot insert an empty value.";
        e.Cancel = true;
      }
    }
  }
  //</Snippet2>

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>ListView.ItemInserting Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>ListView.ItemInserting Example</h3>
            
      <asp:Label ID="Message"
        ForeColor="Red"          
        runat="server"/>
      <br/>
     
      <asp:ListView ID="ContactsListView" 
        DataSourceID="ContactsDataSource" 
        DataKeyNames="ContactID"
        OnItemInserting="ContactsListView_ItemInserting"  
        InsertItemPosition="LastItem"
        runat="server">
        <LayoutTemplate>
          <table cellpadding="2" border="1" runat="server" id="tblProducts" width="640px">
            <tr runat="server" id="itemPlaceholder" />
          </table>
          <asp:DataPager runat="server" ID="PeopleDataPager" PageSize="12">
            <Fields>
              <asp:NextPreviousPagerField 
                ShowFirstPageButton="true" ShowLastPageButton="true"
                FirstPageText="|&lt;&lt; " LastPageText=" &gt;&gt;|"
                NextPageText=" &gt; " PreviousPageText=" &lt; " />
            </Fields>
          </asp:DataPager>
        </LayoutTemplate>
        <ItemTemplate>
          <tr runat="server">
            <td valign="top">
              <asp:Label ID="FirstNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("FirstName") %>' />
              <asp:Label ID="LastNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("LastName") %>' />
              &nbsp;
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="EmailLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("EmailAddress") %>' />
              &nbsp;
            </td>
          </tr>
        </ItemTemplate>
        <InsertItemTemplate>
          <tr style="background-color:#B0C4DE">
            <td valign="top">
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="FirstNameLabel" 
                AssociatedControlID="FirstNameTextBox" Text="First Name"/>
              <asp:TextBox ID="FirstNameTextBox" runat="server" 
                Text='<%#Bind("FirstName") %>' MaxLength="50" /><br />
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="LastNameLabel" 
                AssociatedControlID="LastNameTextBox" Text="Last Name" />
              <asp:TextBox ID="LastNameTextBox" runat="server" 
                Text='<%#Bind("LastName") %>' MaxLength="50" /><br />
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="EmailLabel" 
                AssociatedControlID="EmailTextBox" Text="Email" />
              <asp:TextBox ID="EmailTextBox" runat="server" 
                Text='<%#Bind("EmailAddress") %>' MaxLength="50" /><br />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:LinkButton ID="InsertButton" runat="server" CommandName="Insert" Text="Insert" />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </InsertItemTemplate>
      </asp:ListView>
            
      <asp:SqlDataSource ID="ContactsDataSource" runat="server" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT [ContactID], [FirstName], [LastName], [EmailAddress] 
          FROM Person.Contact"
        InsertCommand="INSERT INTO Person.Contact
                       ([FirstName], [LastName], [EmailAddress], [PasswordHash], [PasswordSalt]) 
                       Values(@FirstName, @LastName, @EmailAddress, '', '');
                       SELECT @ContactID = SCOPE_IDENTITY()">
        <InsertParameters>
          <asp:Parameter Name="FirstName" />
          <asp:Parameter Name="LastName" />
          <asp:Parameter Name="EmailAddress" />
          <asp:Parameter Name="ContactID" Type="Int32" Direction="Output" />
        </InsertParameters>
      </asp:SqlDataSource>
      
    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Page language="VB" %>
    
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
    
<script runat="server">

  Sub Page_Load()
    Message.Text = String.Empty
  End Sub

  '<Snippet2>
  Sub ContactsListView_ItemInserting(ByVal sender As Object, _
                                     ByVal e As ListViewInsertEventArgs)
  
    ' Iterate through the values to verify if they are not empty.
    For Each de As DictionaryEntry In e.Values
      If de.Value Is Nothing Then
        Message.Text = "Cannot insert an empty value."
        e.Cancel = True
      End If
    Next
  End Sub
  '</Snippet2>

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>ListView.ItemInserting Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>ListView.ItemInserting Example</h3>
            
      <asp:Label ID="Message"
        ForeColor="Red"          
        runat="server"/>
      <br/>
     
      <asp:ListView ID="ContactsListView" 
        DataSourceID="ContactsDataSource" 
        DataKeyNames="ContactID"
        OnItemInserting="ContactsListView_ItemInserting"  
        InsertItemPosition="LastItem"
        runat="server">
        <LayoutTemplate>
          <table cellpadding="2" border="1" runat="server" id="tblProducts" width="640px">
            <tr runat="server" id="itemPlaceholder" />
          </table>
          <asp:DataPager runat="server" ID="PeopleDataPager" PageSize="12">
            <Fields>
              <asp:NextPreviousPagerField 
                ShowFirstPageButton="true" ShowLastPageButton="true"
                FirstPageText="|&lt;&lt; " LastPageText=" &gt;&gt;|"
                NextPageText=" &gt; " PreviousPageText=" &lt; " />
            </Fields>
          </asp:DataPager>
        </LayoutTemplate>
        <ItemTemplate>
          <tr runat="server">
            <td valign="top">
              <asp:Label ID="FirstNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("FirstName") %>' />
              <asp:Label ID="LastNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("LastName") %>' />
              &nbsp;
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="EmailLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("EmailAddress") %>' />
              &nbsp;
            </td>
          </tr>
        </ItemTemplate>
        <InsertItemTemplate>
          <tr style="background-color:#B0C4DE">
            <td valign="top">
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="FirstNameLabel" 
                AssociatedControlID="FirstNameTextBox" Text="First Name"/>
              <asp:TextBox ID="FirstNameTextBox" runat="server" 
                Text='<%#Bind("FirstName") %>' MaxLength="50" /><br />
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="LastNameLabel" 
                AssociatedControlID="LastNameTextBox" Text="Last Name" />
              <asp:TextBox ID="LastNameTextBox" runat="server" 
                Text='<%#Bind("LastName") %>' MaxLength="50" /><br />
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="EmailLabel" 
                AssociatedControlID="EmailTextBox" Text="Email" />
              <asp:TextBox ID="EmailTextBox" runat="server" 
                Text='<%#Bind("EmailAddress") %>' MaxLength="50" /><br />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:LinkButton ID="InsertButton" runat="server" CommandName="Insert" Text="Insert" />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </InsertItemTemplate>
      </asp:ListView>
            
      <asp:SqlDataSource ID="ContactsDataSource" runat="server" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT [ContactID], [FirstName], [LastName], [EmailAddress] 
          FROM Person.Contact"
        InsertCommand="INSERT INTO Person.Contact
                       ([FirstName], [LastName], [EmailAddress], [PasswordHash], [PasswordSalt]) 
                       Values(@FirstName, @LastName, @EmailAddress, '', '');
                       SELECT @ContactID = SCOPE_IDENTITY()">
        <InsertParameters>
          <asp:Parameter Name="FirstName" />
          <asp:Parameter Name="LastName" />
          <asp:Parameter Name="EmailAddress" />
          <asp:Parameter Name="ContactID" Type="Int32" Direction="Output" />
        </InsertParameters>
      </asp:SqlDataSource>
      
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Uwagi

ListViewKontrolka wywołuje ItemInserting zdarzenie po kliknięciu przycisku wstawiania w InsertItemTemplate szablonie lub InsertNewItem wywołaniu metody, ale przed ListView wstawieniem rekordu przez formant.The ListView control raises the ItemInserting event when an Insert button in the InsertItemTemplate template is clicked or the InsertNewItem method is called, but before the ListView control inserts the record. (Przycisk Wstaw jest formantem przycisku, którego CommandName Właściwość jest ustawiona na "INSERT"). Dzięki temu można wykonać niestandardową procedurę za każdym razem, gdy wystąpi zdarzenie, takie jak kod HTML-Encoding wartości rekordu, zanim zostanie on wstawiony do źródła danych.(An Insert button is a button control whose CommandName property is set to "Insert".) This enables you to perform a custom routine whenever this event occurs, such as HTML-encoding the values of a record before it is inserted in the data source.

ListViewInsertEventArgsObiekt jest przekazywany do procedury obsługi zdarzeń, co pozwala określić wartość opcjonalnego argumentu polecenia wysłanego do ListView kontrolki.A ListViewInsertEventArgs object is passed to the event handler, which enables you to determine the value of an optional command argument sent to the ListView control. Pozwala również wskazać, że operacja wstawiania powinna zostać anulowana.It also lets you indicate that the insert operation should be canceled. Aby anulować operację wstawiania, należy ustawić Cancel Właściwość na true .To cancel the insert operation, set the Cancel property to true. Można odczytać lub zmodyfikować wartości pól dla nowego rekordu przy użyciu Values właściwości.You can read or modify the field values for the new record by using the Values property.

Aby uzyskać więcej informacji o sposobie obsługi zdarzeń, zobacz Obsługa iwywoływanie zdarzeń.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

Dotyczy

Zobacz też